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The Open Electives (2020-21)—Semester IV

Open Electives offer you the opportunity to take up a subject well-tailored to your interests, but making the right choice is not always an easy decision. To help you know your options and decide what’s best for you, we have compiled a list of all the Open Electives that the college offers. Watch this space for details including the syllabus of the subjects.

Grading Pattern for Electives: The students need to acquire a passing grade for their OE to fulfil the number of credits required to pass the semester. The grades obtained in the OE will not contribute to the student’s GPA for the semester.

Allotment of Electives: The allotment of Open Electives will be done on the basis of cGPA and the seats available. There is no cGPA cut-off while applying for the OEs.

The option to enter OE preferences is now available under the Applications tab on the portal. The last date for entering preferences is 7th January, 2021, according to the detailed notice released by the institute.

Note: This page will be updated with more information about the electives. While this list has been compiled using official sources, it might vary slightly with the options on SLcM. The discrepancies will be sorted soon.


  1. BIO 4303: Introduction to Bioinformatics


    Introduction to Bioinformatics, Central dogma of biology, Digital code of life, database sequence search & Alignment, The evolutionary basis of sequence alignment, The modular nature of proteins, Optimal alignment methods, Substitution scores and gap penalties, Statistical significance of alignments, Structure file formats, Visualizing structural information, Motifs and Pattern, Protein structure prediction, Searching for trees, Rooting trees, Evaluating trees and Data, Phylogenetic software,  Phylogenetics on the web, Some simple practical considerations, Genome annotation, Comparative genomics, Genome compression.

“Bioinformatics is a pretty easy subject. Scoring because the syllabus isn’t that much, but our faculty wasn’t good, so we depended on YouTube videos to grasp concepts. I didn’t find the subject that interesting either. The syllabus entails genetic studies as far as I remember.”

“I was in Bioinformatics. It might be interesting to you if you’re into genetics and biology. Otherwise, the books you read will seem mildly vague and boring. A decent amount of cramming is required; some topics might seem confusing and hard.  Getting marks was not that hard in this OE.”

Computer Science Engineering

  1. CSE 4302: Essentials of IT

    Fundamentals of Computer Architecture, Organization of a Simple Computer, Execution of Instructions, Input/Output Devices,
    Measurement of CPU Performance, Operating System Concepts, Memory Management, Process Management, Basic Concept of
    Multiprogramming, Multitasking and Multiprocessing, Interprocess Communication, File Management and Device Management, Disk
    Scheduling, Introduction to DBMS and Entity Relationship Modelling, Converting ER diagram to Schema, Introduce Functional Dependency and Basics of Normalization, Introduce three Normal Forms, SQL, Data Definition Language (DDL) statements, Data Manipulation Language (DML) statements and Data Control Language (DCL).

“Essentials of IT is a pretty scoring subject. You have OS concepts in it along with a little bit of DBMS. PPTs are given. And if you are from in EEE/ECE, it will be beneficial during placements.”

“Essentials of IT is the OE I took and passed the subject with an A grade. One of the easiest subjects I’ve encountered and it’s mostly theory, so not much of a hassle. Plus it will help you with DBMS, and the questions asked are very easy.”

2. CSE 4308: Programming in Java

Java Programming Fundamentals, Introducing Data Types and Operators, Program Control Statements, Introducing Classes, Objects
and Methods, More Data Types and Operators, A Closer Look at Methods and Classes, Inheritance basics, Member Access and Inheritance, Constructors and Inheritance, Interfaces- Interface Fundamentals, Creating and Implementing Interfaces, Packages- Package Fundamentals, Importing Packages, The Exception Hierarchy, Exception Handling Fundamentals, Throwing an Exception, Multithreading Fundamentals, The Thread class and Runnable Interface, Creating Threads, Synchronization, Using I/O, Byte Streams and Character Streams, Introducing JavaFX GUI Programming, Exploring JavaFX Controls.

“Programming in Java comprised mostly of theory with little to no programming. I hated the way our class was taught. Not having any programming made the course dry as dust. I had a very bad experience with it—I found the exams to be really difficult and my GPA took quite a toll thanks to this OE.”

“I would recommend you to take it if you already know Java at some level as the OE mostly consists of theory and getting marks would be immensely easy then. But if you don’t have any knowledge about the language, it might get pretty difficult to score—unless you burn the midnight oil and put an effort to study on your own.”

3. CSE 4309: Python Programming

Getting started with python scripting, Using the file system, Reading and writing files, Numerical Computing In Python, SciPy package, Classes and object-oriented programming, Data types as objects, Graphical user interfaces, Regular expressions, Network, web, and database programming: Accessing databases in Python, Network programming in Python, Creating a Python web application, Sample project—creating a message wall, Web frameworks creating a model to add database service – using SQLite; Cloud computing: google app engine and web services: What is cloud computing, levels of cloud computing service, what is AappEngine, The sandbox and the App Engine SDK, Choosing an App Engine framework.

“I felt the faculty wasn’t well acquainted with the syllabus. The end semester exam was very difficult and I would not recommend this subject to anyone who wants to score marks easily. But if you genuinely want to learn the language and don’t mind studying on your own, you can take it up.”

“Python as a programming language is comparatively easy—you don’t have to worry much about syntaxes and semicolons, and there’s an added feature for GUI and web development. These useful tools are mentioned at the end of the course plan and are allotted around 5-6 hours and the remaining 25 hours are wasted on simple topics like printing ‘HELLO WORLD’ and looping. The faculty didn’t seem to be very familiar with the language. They read about what they have to teach before the class and if someone asked them queries related to the language, they were seen browsing through the books to look for the solution. We were provided with a few slides for the exams but some of them were totally incomprehensible.”

Mechatronics Engineering

  1. MTE 4305: Introduction to Robotics

Introduction: Definition of robots, definition and factors affecting the control resolution, spatial resolution, accuracy and repeatability, specification of a robot, actuators and sensors, drives and transmission systems used in robotics. Spatial descriptions and transformations: Descriptions, operators, transform equations. Introduction to Lie algebra and Rodrigues’s rotation formula and Quaternions. Manipulator kinematics: Link description, manipulator kinematics, actuator space, joint space, and Cartesian space, kinematics of two industrial robots, frames with standard names. Introduction to kinematics of parallel manipulators, Closed loop constraints, four bar mechanism, Stewart platform. Inverse manipulator kinematics: Pieper’s solution when three axes intersect. Manipulator dynamics: Introduction, acceleration of a rigid body, mass distribution, Newton’s equation, Euler’s equation iterative Newton-Euler dynamic formulation. Trajectory generation: Path description and generation, joint-space schemes Cartesian-space schemes. Linear control of manipulators: Introduction, feedback and closed-loop control, second-order linear systems, control of second order systems, trajectory-following control, continuous vs. discrete time control, modeling and control of a single joint.

“I had an avid interest in robotics, because of which I took this course, but I don’t recommend this to any robotics enthusiasts. The problem with the subject was that we had to study a lot of theory (definitions and things like that) when so much could have been done practically instead. I wasn’t satisfied with the skill level of the professor either.”

“Intro to Robotics was my OE of choice last semester. The subject itself is very easy and mostly theory-based. What little numericals there are, are simplistic; gear ratio calculations, for example. The material has some very cool stuff in it, like how exactly a robot calculates movement. However, do remember that your grade will heavily depend on your teacher, and their decision to give out marks.”

Electronics and Communication Engineering

  1. ECE 4301: Basics of Building Automation Systems

Overview of Digital Controllers, Network and Communication protocols, Introduction to Building Management Systems, General BMS architecture, Communication Systems and standards for BMS. Application of internet for Automation and Management. Introduction to HVAC and Optimal control methods for HVAC Systems. Lighting Control Systems and protocols. Security and Safety Control Systems such as Access Control and Fire Alarm Systems. System Integration and Convergence. Energy Management, Green Building (LEED) concept and examples

  1. ECE 4302: Consumer Electronics

Microphones, head phones, hearing aids, and loud speakers. Digital disc storage technologies, iPods, MP4 players, home audio systems. TV communication system, composite video signal, need for synchronizing and blanking pulses, LCD, LED and plasma TV, cable TV and DTH. Basics of telephone system, caller ID telephone, intercoms, cordless telephones, cellular mobile systems. Automatic teller machines, facsimile machines, digital diaries, safety and security systems. Digital camera system, ovens, washing machines, air conditioners and refrigerators.

“It’s pretty easy, only if you’re good at memorising things. It’s a very rote learning-based. The teacher was quite nice and most of us got above 10 in sessionals and A as the overall grade. Most of the course was covered well in the Om Xerox notes.”

“The subject was interesting but we didn’t have a concrete syllabus and study material Our professor took random material from the internet and asked us to study from it. So the syllabus was not clear and didn’t follow the study plan. I’d say this course is very dependent on the faculty that takes it.”

Department of Chemistry

1. CHM 4301: Analytical Methods and Instrumentation

Spectroscopic methods of analysis: Properties of EMR, General features of spectroscopy, Types of molecular spectra, Interaction of EMR with matter, Instrumentation, Applications, Theory, Instrumentation and applications of Microwave, Raman, Infrared, UV-Visible, NMR spectroscopic techniques. Chromatographic Techniques: General concepts, Classification, Principles, Experimental techniques of CC, HPLC, TLC, GC and their applications. Electroanalytical methods: Basic principles and applications of conductometric, potentiometric titrations.

Department of Physics

1.  PHY 4301: Fundamentals of Astronomy and Astrophysics

Introduction to astronomy and astrophysics. Properties of ordinary stars: Brightness of starlight; the electromagnetic spectrum; Colours of stars; stellar distances; absolute magnitudes; HR diagram. Stellar evolution: Formation of star; the main sequence; stellar structure; evolution off the main sequence; planetary nebulae; white dwarfs. The death of high mass stars: Supernovae; neutron stars; pulsars; stellar black holes. Normal Galaxies: Types of galaxies; Dark matter in galaxies. Cosmology: The scale of universe; expansion of the universe; open or closed universe; the big bang; the cosmic background radiation; big bang nucleosynthesis. Astronomical instruments.

“Initially slow-paced, the course picks up really quickly as the semester progresses. It is the perfect course for somebody fascinated by the stars, with an excellent faculty. Relatively easy to score, but you can expect your class to be filled with students having very high GPAs.”

Aeronautical and Automobile Engineering

  1. AAE 4302: Introduction to Automobile Engineering

Introduction- Engine classifications, Cylinder arrangements, Engine components, Valve operating mechanisms, valve timing diagrams, fuel supply system, Battery ignition system, types of cooling and lubrication system, classification and working of clutch system, design of clutch components, Sliding and constant mesh gear box, Calculation of power, gear ratio and tractive efforts, Propeller shaft, Differential, Steering mechanism and geometry, types of suspension system, types of brakes, calculation of brake torque and stopping distance, Starting and lighting circuit.

“It is really fun if you have an innate interest in cars. I got to learn about every major car part and the way they work. I didn’t have to study much as I knew a lot from before. My teacher was really good and helpful. Scoring was pretty easy for me.”

“The course covers the very basic subsystems of cars. For example, Suspension System, Engines, Power Transmission, Brakes, etc. It is relatively easy and interesting if you have a slight inclination towards cars. If I can remember correctly, there was only one equation in the entire syllabus. The course mainly has comprehensible theories and diagrams.”

2. AAE 4303: Introduction to Aerospace Engineering

Introduction and Overview of The History of Flight, Fundamental Thoughts, Ballooning, Basic/Constructive Principles of Fluid Mechanics-Bernoullis Theorem and Control Volume Approaches, The Sources of all Aerodynamic Forces, Equation of State for a Perfect Gas, Specific Volume, Anatomy of Aircraft and Space Vehicles, Standard Atmosphere, Hydrostatic Equation, Relation between Geopotential and Geometric Altitudes, Basics of Aerodynamics, Airfoil Nomenclature, Lift, Drag and Moment Coefficient, Elements of Airplane Performance, Astronautics, Basics of Propulsion.

“It’s a pretty easy course. They teach you only the basics and there wasn’t much to study for the exams either. Getting an A+ is quite difficult (even with 45+ internals and around the same in the end sem). It’s a good course, but if you are interested in Aerospace and want in-depth knowledge, I wouldn’t recommend it.”

“The course covers the basics of the structure and propulsion systems of aircraft along with an intro to aerodynamics and rocket propulsion. The faculty is very lenient in terms of marking and attendance. Cut-offs will be very high for a good grade since almost everyone had 45+ internals. Students were mostly from Mechanical. The course was all basic theory, so it was mildly disappointing for anyone wanting to get real technical knowledge.”

Civil Engineering

  1. CIE 4305: Introduction to Remote Sensing and GIS


    Introduction, Basic concepts of Remote sensing, Physics of Remote sensing Orbits, Concept of Spatial, spectral, radiometric and temporal resolution, Visual interpretation, basics of Digital Interpretation of images, application of Toposheet in base map preparation, Fundamentals of GIS, Objectives, Components of GIS, contributing disciplines and technologies, Raster, Vector, Definitions of Triangular irregular network (TIN) and Digital Elevation Model (DEM), Indian satellite program, Launch vehicles, Exercise on Remote sensing and GIS applications in Civil Engineering.

“The subject is almost completely theory, with a few numerical—all in all, quite easy. Assignment questions were asked for sessionals as well as end sems. Our teacher was way too strict but a lenient checker.”

“The assignments were of good quality. The sessionals were quite simple if you have your concepts right. You have to rote learn some stuff too. The final was very easy. I had 34 in my internals and I secured an A in my final grading. That puts my score in end sem somewhere over 45. Your experience with this subject would be great if you had some passion for image processing and interest in space technology.”

  1. CIE 4306: Strength of Materials

Introduction, basics of Mechanics of Solids. Shear force diagram and bending moment diagram for statically determinate beams, Stresses due to bending, stresses due to shearing force. Slope and deflection of beams. Torsion, solid and hollow circular shafts, power transmitted by shafts. Variation of stress at a point, Bi-axial state of stress and strain. Stability of columns, Slenderness ratio, failure by buckling, Euler’s formula, Rankine’s empirical formula.

Mechanical and Manufacturing Engineering

  1. MME 4301: Energy Engineering

Steam power plant: Types of fuels used for steam generation, Equipment for burning coal in lump form, Strokers, Oil burners, Advantages and disadvantages of using pulverized fuel, Pulverized fuel furnaces, Cyclone furnace, Coal and ash handling, Generation of steam using forced circulation, High and supercritical pressures.
Diesel engine power plant: Applications in power field, Method of starting a diesel engine, Cooling and lubrication system, Filters, Centrifuges, Oil heaters, Intake and exhaust system, Layout of a diesel power plant.
Hydroelectric plant: Hydrographs, Flow duration and mass curves, Unit hydrograph and numericals, Storage and pondage, Pumped storage plants, Low, medium and high head plants, Penstock, Water hammer, Surge tanks, Gates and valves, General layout of hydel power plants.
Nuclear power plant: Principles of release of nuclear energy, Fusion and fission reactions, Nuclear fuels used, Multiplication and thermal utilization factors, Elements of nuclear reactor: Moderator, Control rod, Fuel rod, Coolant. Pressurized water reactor, Boiling water reactor, Sodium graphite reactor, Homogeneous graphite reactor and Gas-cooled reactor, Radiation hazards, Shieldings, and Radioactive waste disposal.
Solar energy: Solar extra-terrestrial radiation and radiation at the earth surface, Radiation measuring instruments, Working principles of solar flat plate collectors, Solar pond and Photovoltaic conversion.
Biomass energy: Photosynthesis, Photosynthetic oxygen production, Energy plantation. Biogas: Production, Classification, Factors affecting generation, Thermo-chemical conversion, Types of gasifiers.
Wind energy: Properties of wind, Wind velocity, and power from wind, Major problems associated with wind power, Types of wind machines and their characteristics, Horizontal and vertical axis windmills.
Tidal, Ocean and Geothermal energy conversion: Fundamental characteristics of tidal power, Harnessing and limitations. Principle of working of ocean thermal energy, Rankine cycle, Limitations of OTEC. Geothermal energy conversion working principle, Types of geothermal stations.

“Energy Engineering basically deals with the study of both renewable and non-renewable energy sources”

”It’s a very easy and scoring subject. It’s all about different turbines and things along that tangent- like working of turbines and a few numericals based on that.”

“In Energy engineering, we mainly studied lots of power plant layout and how it functions.  The numericals were very easy and there are few graphs (hydrographs etc.). The subject is interesting, but lots to remember.”

2. MME 4307: Introduction to Composite Materials

Introduction: Definition, Classification, Types of matrices & Reinforcements, Characteristics & Selection, Fiber composites, laminated composites, Particulate composites, Prepregs, Sandwich construction. Glass, Carbon and Advanced fiber manufacturing methods, Applications, Advantages, Disadvantages and Properties.
Micro mechanical analysis of a lamina: Introduction, Derivation of stress, Strain, Modulus of elasticity of fiber reinforced composites. Rule of mixture, Problems to find density, Mechanical properties of composites by using Rule of mixture.
Manufacturing of polymer composites: Description of method, Advantages, Disadvantages and Application. Open and closed mold Processing, Hand-lay-up technique, Spray up process, Bag molding, Filament winding, Pultrusion, Thermoforming, Injection molding, Resin Transfer Molding, Sheet Molding Compound, Dough Molding Compound, Thick Molding Compound, Machining and Joining, Tooling, Quality assurance – Introduction, Material qualification, Type of defects, NDT methods.
Application developments: Aircrafts, Missiles, Space, Automobile, electrical and Electronics, Marine, Recreational and Sports equipment’s, Construction. Potential future applications of composites.
Metal matrix composites and ceramic matrix composites: Reinforcement, Matrix materials, Characteristics and Selection, Base metal selection, Applications.

“Introduction to Composite Materials is related to the study of different composite materials which are being considered as a replacement for conventional metals and other materials.”

Humanities and Management

  1. HUM 4301: Communicative English (Offered for Lateral Entry students ONLY)

    Common Errors in English: Subject Verb Agreement; Uses of Tenses / Sequence of Tense; Prepositions; Articles; Special Usages; Creative Writing Essay: Types of Essays, Argumentative Essay, Descriptive/Expository/Narrative Essays; Reading Comprehension; *Non- detailed Text – Critical Evaluation; Group Discussions; Presentation Skills; Essay writing.; Audio texts/speeches -Practice listening skills – summary, commentary, listening exercises. Video Speeches – Theme based speeches- motivational, informative, technical, and persuasive, discussions. Speech- Elements of a good speech, types of speeches, model speech, Speech exercises, individual presentations, peer and facilitator feedback. Formal/Informal communication. Communication Styles- formal and informal, standard English and variations in usages, examples and analysis of faulty usages.

2. HUM 4304: Indo-European Intercultural Dynamics

The challenges of Intercultural communication – interacting in a diverse world, understanding cultures, alternative views of reality, cultural stereotyping. Foundational Theories in Intercultural Communication – Edward Hall, Samovar, G Hofstede, Understanding cultural Dimensions and Cultural Stereotyping- collectivism/ individualism, power distance, masculine/feminine, cultural metaphors, Intercultural Business Communication Competence – The Role of Language in Intercultural Business Communication , Nonverbal Language in Intercultural Communication, Cultural influence on interpersonal communication, Intercultural Dynamics in the multicultural organizations.

“Undoubtedly the most interactive course ever, where we learned about a range of relevant skills from conflict resolution to business communication, all while taking part in fun role-play activities and group discussions. Praveen Shetty Sir really put his heart into the subject, and the experiential learning that takes place when you actually apply what you learn in the class, ensure that this course (and the easy A+) stay with you for life!

“The OE was amongst the best hands down. Our professor sometimes brought in guest speakers also. We had to do really really fun activities in class and there was no such thing as pure theory class.  Very little to study. One should take it to learn a lot about how different cultures do the same things you do differently and what they mean.”

3. HUM 4305: Interpretation of Literary Texts

Texts-static, dynamic, cryptic and delphic ; Language of literature; Form and structure; Literature verses popular fiction; Text and discourse; Authors and critics; Theories and approaches to literary texts; Formalism, Structuralism, Marxism, Feminism, Deconstruction; Ideational functions and textual Functions; Class, gender and texuality; Race and nationality; Genre, phonological deviations –sound patterns and figures of speech ; Pragmatic approach to literature; Understanding syntax, Lexical and syntactic analysis of literary texts; Point of view in literary texts and foregrounding; Prediction and making sense of a text; Stylistic analysis of a novel; Kinds of meaning, Rhetorical structure; Pragmatics and discourse analysis; Interpreting cohesive devices and complex functional values; Stylistic approach to literature ; Elements of literary style; Stylistic analysis of selected short stories, Poems, Novels and Plays; Genre, the plot setting, characterization, tone and themes; Stylistics and its implications on narrative techniques; Intertextuality and conceptual blending; Identifying patterns in the texts; Meaning making process in literature; Imagery, metaphor as a mode of thought; Coherence and Cohesion; Context, turn taking and Adjacency Pair; Pro-forms, Discourse markers, Lexical cohesion and presupposition; Recognizing text organization; Critical texts, Shared assumptions on critical texts; The role of schema and the concept of speech acts in literary texts.

“For Interpretation of Literary Texts, there is a good amount of theory. And no, you are not interpreting good texts like Shakespeare or learning the meaning of sentences in important works of literature. It’s all phonetics, semantics and theoretical linguistic analysis. The main reason to take this OE is that the professor teaching you is really good and getting marks is very simple. So much so that, A/A+ is a minimum. For the end-sem, study a little and you’ll score well.”

“The course stands true to its name and is based on different and eloquent ways of analyzing the text. A bliss for the literary-oriented cult and a mind blogging effort for the rest, it is easy to score marks being its takeaway.”

4.  HUM 4313: Analytical Writing

Essay Writing: Narrative—Instructional and Process narratives, Descriptive, Expository, Argumentative—Different components of Argumentation, Critical Writing Strategies: Summarizing, Paraphrasing, Synthesizing, Brainstorming Strategies: Clustering, Mapping, Outlining, Cubing, Looping, Logical Reasoning: Inductive Reasoning, Deductive Reasoning, Logical Fallacies, Mechanics of Writing: Punctuation Marks, Rules related to the use of quotation marks, Rules related to Acknowledging Sources, Analyzing texts – tone, style, vocabulary and structure Use of graphics in the text. Mechanics of Thesis writing and Journal writing

5. HUM 4314: Commonwealth Literature

Definition, terminology; Emergence; Beginning; Versatility and importance; Central ideas; characteristics; Themes, styles and patterns; Authors and critics; Theories; Critical text; Approaches to literary text; Issues common to writers; Interpretation of the text; critical approaches; Culture and imperialism; Cross-cultural understanding; Ethnicity, human identity; Nationalism; Diaspora, transnationality, multiculturalism; analysis of selected Novels, Poems and Short-stories.

Print and Media Technology

  1. MED 4301: Fundamentals of Advertising

    Advertising theory, growth of advertising in India, advertising as a tool of communication, functions of advertising, benefits of advertising, advertising as a marketing tool, advertising as a PR Tool, advertising theories, relevance to Indian advertising, role of advertising in national economy, types of advertising agency and types of services offered, structure of ad agencies, creativity in advertising, appeals & execution styles, planning & development, creative process & tactics, media planning, advertising medias – television networks, magazines, newspapers, radio, selection and buying media time & space, support media – internet, interactive medias, out-door, in-store, direct mail, miscellaneous and transit advertising, advertising campaign, corporate advertising, case studies.

“The professor I had was very well-informed who presented us with case-studies from many advertisement firms. He also showed a lot of videos in the class. A few ex-students came and interacted with us. Assignments involved reports, making a radio commercial and pitching advertisement ideas for a product. The study material had about 15 presentations with an average of 50 slides which took substantial time to finish. The subject was easy to score and fun to learn, compensating for the hefty number of slides.”

“The faculty was really good and getting an A was easy for me. Mugging up wasn’t necessary as after reading the slides, I could write the answers in my own words. Much of our time was spent watching and analysing ads and how they appealed to the customers. I thoroughly enjoyed the subject.”

Instrumentation and Control Engineering

  1. ICE 4304: Sensor Technology

    Basic sensor technology, characteristics, Capacitive and Inductive Sensors, Displacement Sensors, Temperature Sensors, Force/Torque Sensors, Humidity and Moisture Sensors, Acoustic Sensors, Flow Sensors, Occupancy-Motion Detectors, Acceleration and Vibration Sensors, Chemical and Biosensors, Optical and radiations Sensors, Introduction to Wireless Sensor Networks (WSN) and Applications.

“Sensor technology mainly deals with characteristics and principle of sensing different physical parameters. This also deals with concepts of biosensors, optical sensors and introduction to wireless sensor networks, where acquiring of data from sensors deployed at random locations can be done through wireless communication.”

“The questions came from whatever my teacher taught eliminating the need to refer to other books. The topics covered were PIR interfacing, microcontrollers, basic wired and wireless sensors. It was pretty easy to score. We had to make an interesting project for the last assignment and I really had fun with this course.”

“The course was very fascinating. They taught about different types of sensors, how they work and the components present in them. My branch is Computer Science and it had topics common to my subject Microprocessor so that was a big help.”

  1. ICE 4303:  Industrial Instrumentation

Measurement System, Classification of transducers, Temperature and Pressure measurement, Level and Thickness measurement, Flow measurement-Variable head type, variable area type, Mass flowmeters, Measurement of Thermal conductivity, velocity, acceleration, pH and Force, Semiconductor sensors, Optical sensors.

“Industrial instrumentation discusses construction and working of various instruments used to measure physical parameters. Also this course discussed about characteristics of instruments.

“These two open electives make the students understand application of physical laws to enable sense and measure non electrical physical variables in the form of electrical parameters. For both the course, physics/chemistry/basic electrical technology background is just sufficient. Both the courses are mostly descriptive and involve qualitative discussion, with minimum numerical.

Biomedical Engineering

  1. BME 4301: Biomedical Instrumentation

    Biomedical transducers: Classification and Selection; Pressure Transducers: Resistive, capacitive, Inductive transducers & Piezo-electric, Photoelectric transducers & its types; Thermal transducers & its types; Electrodes & Amplifiers: Principles of working and their characteristics, Half- cell potential, Types of electrodes, Electrode-Electrolyte model, Amplifiers for biomedical instrumentation; Physiological Signals & Measurements: Basics of ECG, EMG, EEG, PCG, blood pressure & blood flow and the instrumentation for measuring these signals; Cardiac Pacemakers: Types of pacemakers, Modes of triggering, Pacemaker power supplies, pacemaker codes; Defibrillators: AC and DC defibrillators, Types of electrodes and their features, cardioverters; Lasers: Basic principles, types of lasers and their medical applications; X-ray systems, Fluoroscopic system, principles of tomography; Electrical Hazards & Safety: Safety code standards, Micro and Macro shock and its physiological effects, Methods of electrical safety.

Electrical and Electronics Engineering

  1. ELE 4303: MATLAB for Engineers

MATLAB desktop, workspace variables and types, creating and calling functions, 2D & 3D plots, control flow statements, introduction to Cody Coursework platform, introduction to live script environment, symbolic computation using MuPAD app, linear regression analysis using Statistics and Machine Learning Toolbox, interpolating & extrapolating set of data, generating, importing data from various data tools, introduction to Simulink, solving ordinary differential equations in Simulink, introduction to Simscape, development of graphical user interface with GUIDE tool and app designer tool, creating MS Windows executable applications, installing support packages of external hardware, external hardware interface using MATLAB editor, Simulink and app designer.

MATLAB is a software tool which is used for system simulation. It has built in for modelling and simulation also, like ANN, etc. The course focus on the utilization of the software for simulation of given system before implementation.”

MATLAB is a useful elective and students from all the branches can benefit from the course. Our teacher was very helpful and could clear any query we had. The OE involved a mini team project, and all evaluations were conducted on a machine. We were even allowed to access the help pages of MATLAB during the exams. A representative from Mathworks came a couple of times to help us with our mini projects. Although my class was a bit competitive, the OE is for anyone who wants to spend the semester in a productive way.”

“This course is for anyone who wants to get well versed with the software. There is very little theory as we were made to bring our laptops to class. We had to make projects for our assignments and had to submit them online. The sessional and the end semester exams are held in the PSUC lab. We have to write the whole code and output in the answer sheet after execution. The papers are considerably lengthy and scoring is really difficult if you’re not an avid coder.”

2. ELE 4306: Renewable Energy

Energy sources and their availability. Solar Energy – solar radiation and measurements, solar energy storage, Solar Photo-Voltaic systems. Wind Energy – estimation, Maximum power and power coefficient, wind energy conversion systems – design considerations and applications. Energy from Bio-Mass – Sources of bio-mass, Bio-mass conversion technologies – Thermochemical conversion and Bio-chemical conversions, Anaerobic digestion and Fermentation, Bio-gas generation Pyrolysis and Liquefaction, Classification of Gasifiers, Energy plantation. Energy from the Oceans – Ocean Thermal Energy Conversion, Open and Closed Cycle plants, Site selection considerations, Origin of tides, Tidal energy conversion systems, Wave energy conversion systems. Hybrid Energy Systems.

The energy crisis in the world due exhaustible energy sources like, petrol, gas etc., lead to the invention of other sources of energy which is sustainable. The energy from solar system, wind, tide, bio-mass etc. are the future of the world which are available in nature abundantly. The course focus on the study of availability, harvesting and utilizing these sources.

Information and Communication Technology

  1. ICT 4302: Design and Development of Web Applications

Introduction to Internet and Web. Basic components of web page and fundamental concepts of languages required for Client side scripting and Server side scripting: HTML markup for structure of the simple page, text, creating links, adding images, table markup and forms. CSS for presentation: Orientation, formatting text, different selectors, colors background plus even more selectors, box model, padding, border, positioning, layouts, transitions, transformation and animation. Java script data types, control structure, DOM, arrays, objects, event handling. PHP introduction, control statements, arrays, objects, functions, connecting to mysql data base.

“I felt the course wasn’t practical-based at all. Our teacher just kept reading the slides during the class. From providing countless wrong information to giving free marks, I say that the faculty isn’t well versed with this course.”

  1. ICT 4303: Fundamentals of Data Structures and Algorithms

Introduction to algorithms, Arrays: Elementary operations, Applications, Performance Analysis, Sparse matrix representation, Transpose of sparse matrix, Stacks operations, Arithmetic expression conversion and evaluation using stack, Queue Operations, Singly linked Lists, Circular lists, Doubly linked lists, Trees, Binary Tree traversals and different operations, Binary search Tree, Heaps, Graph Abstract type: Representations and elementary operations, Sorting and searching techniques, Analysis of algorithm.

“In this subject we teach object oriented concepts of C++ and how to implement various basic data structures in C++. Being a core subject of computer stream this subject is very much essential to those who want to take up a job in the computer stream.”

Master Of Computer Application

  1. MCA 4301: Introduction to Database Systems with MySQL

Modeling and Designing Databases, Database Design Process, Entity-Relationship Model, Basic Concepts, Constraints, Design of ER database schema, Reduction of ER to schema, Relational model, Schema Diagram, Relational Database design, Functional dependencies, Normal forms, Creating a MySQL Database, Table, Modifying table, constraints, indexes, Basic SQL, Inserting Data, Selecting Data, Updating Data, Deleting Data, MySQL Functions, Numeric, String, Date /Time, Advanced Queries, Sorting, Join opeartions, Nested queries, Generating summaries, COUNT(), MIN(), MAX(), SUM(), AVG(), Group By, Statistical techniques, Calculating Descriptive statistics, Per-Group Descriptive Statistics, Generating frequency distribution ,Calculating correlation coefficients, assigning ranks, Stored routines, stored procedure, stored function, Triggers, Events to schedule Database actions, Managing users and privileges, Importing and Exporting data.

This is an elective paper that initially introduces the basic concept of database system and provides an practical view to add, access and process data using MySQL, the most popular Open Source SQL database management system. The SQL part of ‘MySQL’ stands for ‘Structured Query Language’. SQL is the most common standardized language used to access databases.

  1. MCA 4302: Introduction to VR and AR Technologies

Introduction: Input Devices: Trackers, Navigation and Gesture interfaces, Output Devices: Graphics, 3D Sound and Haptic Displays. Computing Architectures for VR: The Rendering pipeline, PC Graphics Architecture, Workstation-Based Architectures, Distributed VR Architectures, Modeling: Geometric Modeling, Kinematics Modeling, Physical Modeling, Behavior Modeling, Model Management. VR Programming: Toolkits and Scene Graphs, World Tool kit and other Toolkits. Lights and Optics, Visual Perception, Introduction to VR: Unity 3D Engine, 2D Game concepts and basic scripting, 3D Game concepts, and environment creation. Introduction to Unity AR: Foundation and Vuforia, working with Vuforia in Unity.

Here, we intend to create awareness about the concepts of virtual reality (VR) and augmented reality(AR) and their applications in various domains. More emphasis on 3D modeling and tool kits used to create 3D virtual environment to make it realistic to enhance the visual perception of the end-user.

Chemical Engineering

  1. CHE 4303: Water Treatment Technology

Water demand per capita, drinking water standards (BIS and WHO), drinking water treatment—flow-chart. Aeration, sedimentation, filtration, disinfection, softening, removal of taste, odour, desalination, reverse osmosis, Nalagonda process. Water distribution networks, Sanitary and storm sewerage systems, Intake structures and pumping installations.
Wastewater treatment quality and quantity estimation, Wastewater characteristics, Preliminary treatment, primary treatment Softening, Biological treatment processes, microbial kinetics, nitrification and denitrification, trickling filters and rotating biological contactors, advanced treatment processes, concept of zero liquid discharge, wastewater disposal in receiving bodies, Industrial wastewater treatment, Case studies for industrial wastewater treatment.