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The Forgotten Genius of Green Day

Every so often in life, we come across something with which we can instantly connect, and form a bond to last an eternity. For an entire “idiot nation”, Green Day was one of them. Over the past two decades, they have successfully amassed an army of aficionados, spanning nations and entire generations. From engaging in unthinkable mud fights with the crowds at Woodstock ’94to being inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fameit certainly has been a long journey.

A young Green Day while backstage.

It all started when a five-year-old Billie Joe, the youngest of six Armstrong children, was persuaded by his teacher into recording a song with the local Bay Area label, Fiat Records. His father’s part-time profession as a Jazz musician was another factor in young Billie being surrounded by music at such a young age.

Unfortunately, his father passed away from cancer when Billie was ten, and a dislike towards his subsequent step-father led to music being his only retreat. He still thanks his brother Alan and his sister Anna, for it was their record collection and love for the greats of the time, which kept music thrumming in the Armstrong household. This would ultimately plant the seeds of inspiration in Billie Joe.

It was around this time that Armstrong met Mike Dirnt, who would go on to be the bassist for the band, the man responsible for some of the most recognisable bass lines in all of rock. Mike would often hang out at the Armstrong house, and they both bonded over their shared love for music.

Characteristically for him, the first time Billie and Mike came across their future drummer, Tre, was when he was performing in a tutu. He’d go on to become the third and perhaps the most notorious member of the band. While being punk at heart, they have gone from redefining and reviving the punk rock, to developing their music and career into something which can’t be limited by restricting them to a particular genre.

Billie Joe Armstrong and Mike Dirnt at their enthralling best.

The Breakthrough

Green Day’s career story is threefold. It starts in 1986, with 14-year-olds Billie Joe and Dirnt coming together to form a band, under a couple of different names, before finally settling on Green Day, owing to their obsession with cannabis at the time. Tre Cool would join in as a substitute to the third member at the time, John Kiffmeyer, who had gone off to attend college at Arcata, California; and would later go on become the permanent drummer for the band.

After impressing Lookout! Records owner, Larry Livermore, in 1988 at an early show, the band recorded their first EP and even released their first album, ‘1,000 Hours’, under the same label. It wasn’t until the massive underground success of their second album, ‘Kerplunk’, when Green Day signed to Reprise Records and released ‘Dookie’, their major label debut, which went on to redefine and revive the genre.

The album art for Dookie (1994).

Green Day was to punk, what Nirvana was to grunge. Punk rock was initially developed in the mid-1970s as a spin-off or development of the ’60s garage rock. It was characterised by stripped-down instrumentals and hard-edged melodies, with lyrics often exploring political and anti-establishment themes, and short but fast-paced songs. Bands such as The Sex Pistols and The Ramones were among the formative few of the genre and had a massive influence on Green Day. However, towards the mid-’80s, punk rock lost its prominence, with more aggressive hardcore rock taking its place, and many artists pursued other directions, resulting in a multitude of post-punk spin-offs.

Green Day performing for small crowds in ’94.

With ‘Dookie’, three 21-year-olds breathed new life into the genre and pushed it into mainstream popularity. Songs such as ‘When I Come Around’ and ‘Longview’ went on to top the charts, and the album carved a niche for Green Day amongst the youth. From relatable lyrics on ‘Basketcase’ about teen-angst to the catchy bass-lines of When I Come Around, the album found love in all corners of the world and was a commercial and critical hit. The album elevated the band into mainstream stardom and the overnight nature of their massive success led to their invitation to the Woodstock Festival of ’94. The fact that ‘Dookie’ is still played on the radio today, and remains in the heart of almost every punk rock enthusiast, speaks volumes about its impact at the time. It remains the band’s best-selling album, with over 20 million copies sold, eventually going double-platinum and being heavily featured in magazines such as Kerrang! and Rolling Stone.

Billie Joe featuring on Kerrang!


Scenes from the Woodstock concert in ’94. It was hailed as one of the most iconic concerts in Rock and Roll history.

Billie Joe’s iconic guitar, “Blue” is hit with mud by the crowds at Woodstock as he continues playing ‘When I Come Around’.

The Transition

As Billie Joe himself put it, Green Day didn’t want to “keep playing three-chord punk forever”, and, along with their producer Rob Cavallo, decided to reinvent their music. What resulted was the experimental album, ‘Nimrod’. Released in 1994, the record was a marked deviation from the classic punk school of rock and explored themes of surf-rock and pop-punk. ‘Good Riddance (Time of Your Life)’, an acoustic ballad, went on top of the charts and solidified its place as the chosen song for decades of proms and graduations to come. The album was warmly received and was a refreshing change from the marked Green Day of old.

Billie Joe and Mike Dirnt sleeping on floors.

The band’s next studio album, ‘Warning’, received less kind reviews, with some debating whether the group was losing relevance. Although singles such as ‘Minority’ and ‘Warning’ gained popularity amongst the youth, the album still couldn’t reproduce the success of previous albums.

Revival and a Renewed Image

In early 2003, the band started recording another album, and after recording 20 songs, the master recordings for the same were stolen from the studio. The group dropped the project, for they didn’t believe that the album reflected “the band’s best work”. They began working on another album, which would go on to be their most critically acclaimed, and cement their place in the history of rock and roll, ‘American Idiot’.

A still from the American Idiot music video.

Designed as a punk rock opera, it depicts the journey of a fictitious ‘Jesus of Suburbia’ through an American society governed by an ‘Idiot Ruler’ who lets propaganda run wild, with people misinformed by the media and ‘a redneck agenda’ as famously stated in the cover track. The album had political undertones, aligning perfectly with the “punk way of life”; the album was released just two months before U.S. President George Bush’s re-election. Parallels are drawn to the U.S. of today whenever Green Day performs the song ‘American Idiot’, with President Trump in office.

With songs such as ‘Boulevard of Broken Dreams’ and the famous ballad for Billie Joe’s father, ‘Wake me up When September Ends’, the album went on to inspire and entertain a new generation of fans. The album even inspired a Tony Award-winning Broadway Musical of the same name.

The band with the cast of American Idiot, the musical.

There came a point in time where almost every ’90s and ’00s rock and roll fan knew all the lyrics to Green Day’s ballads by heart. The band gained a newfound level of mainstream success with appearances on shows such as ‘The Simpsons’, ‘The Ellen Show’ and multiple other late night shows.

Green Day at the Reading Festival 2013; perhaps their most powerful and engaging live performance.

Green Day was at the height of their fame in the late 2000s when they released their eighth album, ’21st Century Breakdown’ with the headlining single, ’21 Guns’ gaining widespread acclaim. Billie Joe had never shied away from expressing his political beliefs through his music, and ’21 Guns’ became a beacon of the anti-war sentiment.

Green Day To-Day

From three angsty teens playing small-scale shows and sleeping on floorsto becoming one of the most influential punk rock bands of all timeGreen Day have certainly come a long way. Their characteristic postures and music remain one of the most iconic and easily recognisable. As Patrick Stump of Fallout Boy put it, “…a silhouette of Billie Joe playing the guitar would be as recognisable a posture to any punk rock kid as Michael Jordan’s dunk would be to a sports fan.” The band went on to define a generation of fans, and with their induction into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame, have crafted a place for themselves in music history.

Billie Joe and Green Day perform at the 2015 Rock and Roll Hall of Fame ceremony on their induction.

With the posture of a banana and the talent of a God, Billie Joe remains one of the most underrated guitarists and vocalists alive. Their newest album, ‘Revolution Radio’ is a testament to their evolution, and with hit singles such as ‘Ordinary World’, Green Day and their impact on music history cannot be ignored.